The following is a list of independent published research concerning the potential health benefits of Ferulic Acid. Abstracts are available by emailing

Ferulic Acid Studies

1. Eur J Pharmacol. 2004 Sep 19;499(1-2):85-90Ferulic acid inhibits vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation induced by angiotensin II.Hou YZ, Yang J, Zhao GR, Yuan YJ.

2. Antioxid Redox Signal. 2004 Oct;6(5):811-8Ethyl Ferulate, a Lipophilic Polyphenol, Induces HO-1 and Protects Rat Neurons Against Oxidative Stress.Scapagnini G, Butterfield DA, Colombrita C, Sultana R, Pascale A, Calabrese V

3. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2004 Sep 3;35(5):1241-9 Conformational analysis: a tool for the elucidation of the antioxidant properties of ferulic acid derivatives in membrane models.Anselmi C, Centini M, Andreassi M, Buonocore A, Rosa CL, Facino RM, Sega A, Tsuno F.

4. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Aug 11;52(16):5195-200 Antioxidant phenols in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) flour: comparative spectrophotometric study among extraction methods of free and bound phenolic compounds.Bonoli M, Verardo V, Marconi E, Caboni MF.

5. J Inorg Biochem. 2004 Aug;98(8):1457-64 The kinetics and mechanisms of reactions of iron(III) with caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, sinapic acid, ferulic acid and naringin.Hynes MJ, O’Coinceanainn M.

6. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Jul 28;52(15):4808-13 Analysis of phenolic compounds in white rice, brown rice, and germinated brown rice.Tian S, Nakamura K, Kayahara H.

7. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Jul 28;52(15):4690-9 Evaluation of antioxidant capacity of cereal brans.Martinez-Tome M, Murcia MA, Frega N, Ruggieri S, Jimenez AM, Roses F, Parras P.

8. Indian J Exp Biol. 2003 Aug;41(8):861-4 Efficacies of plant phenolic compounds on sodium butyrate induced anti-tumour activity.Indap MA, Barkume MS.

9. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Jun 30;52(13):4338-43 Bound ferulic acid from bran is more bioavailable than the free compound in rat.Rondini L, Peyrat-Maillard MN, Marsset-Baglieri A, Fromentin G, Durand P, Tome D, Prost M, Berset C

10. Phytochem Anal. 2004 May-Jun;15(3):184-8 Low-molecular-weight components of olive oil mill waste-waters.DellaGreca M, Previtera L, Temussi F, Zarrelli A.

11. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2004 May;24(5):445-9[Renal protective effect and its mechanism of sodium ferulate in diabetic rats][Article in Chinese]Zhao TF, Zhang L, Deng HC.

12. Phytother Res. 2004 Apr;18(4):310-4 Ferulic acid alleviates lipid peroxidation in diabetic ratsBalasubashini MS, Rukkumani R, Viswanathan P, Menon VP.

13. Phytochemistry. 2004 Apr;65(8):1107-15 Control of dehydrodiferulate cross-linking in pectins from sugar-beet Tissues Baydoun EA, Pavlencheva N, Cumming CM, Waldron KW, Brett CT.

14. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2004 Apr;43(4):549-54 Sodium ferulate inhibits atherosclerogenesis in hyperlipidemia rabbits.Wang B, Ouyang J, Liu Y, Yang J, Wei L, Li K, Yang H.

15. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Apr 21;52(8):2411-20 Antioxidant effect of ferulic acid in isolated membranes and intact cells: synergistic interactions with alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene, and ascorbic acid.Trombino S, Serini S, Di Nicuolo F, Celleno L, Ando S, Picci N, Calviello G, Palozza P.

16. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Apr 21;52(8):2218-22 Constituents of Asparagus officinalis evaluated for inhibitory activity against cyclooxygenase-2.Jang DS, Cuendet M, Fong HH, Pezzuto JM, Kinghorn AD.

17. J Neurochem. 2004 Apr;89(2):484-93 Attenuation of chronic neuroinflammation by a nitric oxide-releasing derivative of the antioxidant ferulic acid.Wenk GL, McGann-Gramling K, Hauss-Wegrzyniak B, Ronchetti D, Maucci R, Rosi S, Gasparini L, Ongini E.

18. J Agric Food Chem. 2004 Apr 7;52(7):2084-914-hydroxycinnamic ethyl ester derivatives and related dehydrodimers: Relationship between oxidation potential and protective effects against oxidation of low-density lipoproteins.Neudorffer A, Bonnefont-Rousselot D, Legrand A, Fleury MB, Largeron M.

19. J Org Chem. 2004 Apr 2;69(7):2309-14 Electron-transfer reaction of cinnamic acids and their methyl esters with the DPPH(*) radical in alcoholic solutions.Foti MC, Daquino C, Geraci C.

20. Plant Physiol. 2004 Mar;134(3):1173-80. Epub 2004 Feb 26 Isolation from sugar beet cell walls of arabinan oligosaccharides esterified by two ferulic acid monomers.Levigne SV, Ralet MC, Quemener BC, Pollet BN, Lapierre C, Thbault JF.

21. Breast Cancer Res. 2004;6(2):R63-R74. Epub 2003 Dec 15 Antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of selective phenolic acids on T47D human breast cancer cells: potential mechanisms of action.Kampa M, Alexaki VI, Notas G, Nifli AP, Nistikaki A, Hatzoglou A, Bakogeorgou E, Kouimtzoglou E, Blekas G, Boskou D, Gravanis A, Castanas E.

22. Planta. 2004 May;219(1):73-83. Epub 2004 Feb 11Extracellular cross-linking of xylan and xyloglucan in maize cell-suspension cultures: the role of oxidative phenolic coupling.Kerr EM, Fry SC.

23. Phytochemistry. 2004 Feb;65(3):345-50 Potential cancer chemopreventive constituents of the leaves of Macaranga trilobaJang DS, Cuendet M, Pawlus AD, Kardono LB, Kawanishi K, Farnsworth NR, Fong HH, Pezzuto JM, Kinghorn AD.

24. Arch Pharm Res. 2003 Dec;26(12):1002-8 Characterization of physicochemical properties of ferulic acid.Sohn YT, Oh JH.

25. Biomed Chromatogr. 2003 Dec;17(8):543-6. Related Articles, Links HPLC determination of ferulic acid in rat plasma after oral administration of Rhizoma Chuanxiong and its compound preparation.Li Y, Bi K.

26. World J Gastroenterol. 2003 Nov;9(11):2533-8Ameliorative effects of sodium ferulate on experimental colitis and their mechanisms in rats.Dong WG, Liu SP, Yu BP, Wu DF, Luo HS, Yu JP.

27. Acta Diabetol. 2003 Sep;40(3):118-22 Protective effects of ferulic acid on hyperlipidemic diabetic rats.Sri Balasubashini M, Rukkumani R, Menon VP.

28. J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Sep 24;51(20):6050-5Absorption of hydroxycinnamates in humans after high-bran cereal consumption.Kern SM, Bennett RN, Mellon FA, Kroon PA, Garcia-Conesa MT.

29. Altern Med Rev. 2003 Aug;8(3):284-302 Hot flashes—a review of the literature on alternative and complemntary treatment approaches.Philp HA.

30. In Vivo. 2003 May-Jun;17(3):277-80 Preventive effect of ferulic acid on bone loss in ovariectomized rats.Sassa S, Kikuchi T, Shinoda H, Suzuki S, Kudo H, Sakamoto S.

31. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2003 Jul;55(7):1021-7 Hypochlorite scavenging activity of hydroxycinnamic acids evaluated by a rapid microplate method based on the measurement of chloramines.Firuzi O, Giansanti L, Vento R, Seibert C, Petrucci R, Marrosu G, Agostino R, Saso L.

32. Bioorg Med Chem. 2003 Aug 15;11(17):3807-13 Synthesis of amide compounds of ferulic acid, and their stimulatory effects on insulin secretion in vitro.Nomura E, Kashiwada A, Hosoda A, Nakamura K, Morishita H, Tsuno T, Taniguchi H.

33. Anticancer Res. 2003 Mar-Apr;23(2B):1317-23Inhibition of NO production by activated macrophages by phenolcarboxylic acid monomers and polymers with radical scavenging activity.Ogiwara T, Satoh K, Negoro T, Okayasu H, Sakagami H, Fujisawa S.

34. Phytochemistry. 2003 Jul;63(5):505-15 Vanillin.Walton NJ, Mayer MJ, Narbad A.

35. Mutat Res. 2003 Jun 19;527(1-2):27-36 Ability of antioxidants to prevent oxidative mutations in Salmonella typhimurium TA102.Grey CE, Adlercreutz P.

36. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2003 Apr;67(4):856-62 Transepithelial transport of ferulic acid by monocarboxylic acid transporter in Caco-2 cell monolayers.Konishi Y, Shimizu M.

37. Food Addit Contam. 2003 May;20(5):490-3 Naturally occurring phenols: a detoxification strategy for fumonisin B1.Beekrum S, Govinden R, Padayachee T, Odhav B.

38. Eur J Pharmacol. 2003 Apr 25;467(1-3):41-7Iron-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis in cerebellar granule cells: attenuation by tetramethylpyrazine and ferulic acid.Zhang Z, Wei T, Hou J, Li G, Yu S, Xin W.

39. J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Apr 23;51(9):2526-31The dietary hydroxycinnamate caffeic acid and its conjugate chlorogenic acid increase vitamin e and cholesterol concentrations in Sprague-Dawley rats.Frank J, Kamal-Eldin A, Razdan A, Lundh T, Vessby B.

40. Redox Rep. 2002;7(6):379-83 Superoxide scavenging by polyphenols: effect of conjugation and dimerization.Cano A, Arnao MB, Williamson G, Garcia-Conesa MT.

41. J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Mar 12;51(6):1623-7High-performance liquid chromatography determination of phenolic constituents in 17 varieties of cowpeas.Cai R, Hettiarachchy NS, Jalaluddin M.

42. Planta. 2003 Feb;216(4):620-9. Epub 2002 Nov 26 Intracellular feruloylation of arabinoxylan in wheat: evidence for feruloyl-glucose as precursor.Obel N, Porchia AC, Scheller HV.

43. Anticancer Res. 2002 Sep-Oct;22(5):2711-7 Radical scavenging activity and cytotoxicity of ferulic acid.Ogiwara T, Satoh K, Kadoma Y, Murakami Y, Unten S, Atsumi T, Sakagami H, Fujisawa S.

44. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2002 Dec;60(4):489-94. Epub 2002 Oct 12. Mono- and dimeric ferulic acid release from brewer’s spent grain by fungal feruloyl esterases.Faulds CB, Sancho AI, Bartolome B.

45. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Oct 23;50(22):6501-3 Isolation and identification of DPPH radical scavenging compounds in Kurosu (Japanese unpolished rice vinegar).Shimoji Y, Tamura Y, Nakamura Y, Nanda K, Nishidai S, Nishikawa Y, Ishihara N, Uenakai K, Ohigashi H.

46. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Oct 9;50(21):6182-7 Antioxidant activity of grains.Adom KK, Liu RH.

47. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Sep 25;50(20):5735-41 Absorption of phenolic acids in humans after coffee consumption.Nardini M, Cirillo E, Natella F, Scaccini C.

48. Planta Med. 2002 Aug;68(8):754-6 Effects of ferulic acid on the impairment of inhibitory avoidance performance in rats.Hsieh MT, Tsai FH, Lin YC, Wang WH, Wu CR.

49. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 1999 Jun;24(6):365-6, 384[Effect of sodium ferulate on proliferation of rabbit aortic smooth muscle cells induced by oxidized LDL][Article in ChineseYu H, Hong J, Wu D.

50. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Aug 14;50(17):4959-64 Processed sweet corn has higher antioxidant activity.Dewanto V, Wu X, Liu RH.

51. Free Radic Res. 2002 May;36(5):531-43 The apoprotein is the preferential target for peroxynitrite-induced LDL damage protection by dietary phenolic acids.Dinis TC, Santosa CL, Almeida LM.

52. J Nutr. 2002 Jul;132(7):1962-8 The bioavailability of ferulic acid is governed primarily by the food matrix rather than its metabolism in intestine and liver in rats.Adam A, Crespy V, Levrat-Verny MA, Leenhardt F, Leuillet M, Demigne C, Remesy C.

53. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 May;957:90-102 Inhibition by wine polyphenols of peroxynitrite-initiated chemiluminescence and NADH oxidation.Boveris A, Valdez L, Alvarez S.

54. Eur J Pharmacol. 2002 May 10;442(3):215-23Dicinnamoylquinides in roasted coffee inhibit the human adenosine Paulis T, Schmidt DE, Bruchey AK, Kirby MT, McDonald MP, Commers P, Lovinger DM, Martin PR.

55. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Jun 19;50(13):3660-7Determination of free and total phenolic acids in plant-derived foods by HPLC with diode-array detection.Mattila P, Kumpulainen J.

56. J Nutr Biochem. 2002 May;13(5):273-281Ferulic acid antioxidant protection against hydroxyl and peroxyl radical oxidation in synaptosomal and neuronal cell culture systems in vitro: structure-activity studies.Kanski J, Aksenova M, Stoyanova A, Butterfield DA.

57. Am J Hypertens. 2002 Apr;15(4 Pt 1):351-7Short- and long-term effects of ferulic acid on blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats.Suzuki A, Kagawa D, Fujii A, Ochiai R, Tokimitsu I, Saito I.

58. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Apr 10;50(8):2432-8 Phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity of Georgia-grown blueberries and blackberries.Sellappan S, Akoh CC, Krewer G.

59. J Biol Chem. 2002 Jun 14;277(24):21332-40. Epub 2002 Mar 29. Horseradish peroxidase-catalyzed oligomerization of ferulic acid on a template of a tyrosine-containing tripeptide.Oudgenoeg G, Dirksen E, Ingemann S, Hilhorst R, Gruppen H, Boeriu CG, Piersma SR, van Berkel WJ, Laane C, Voragen AG.

60. Hypertens Res. 2002 Jan;25(1):99-107 Green coffee bean extract and its metabolites have a hypotensive effect in spontaneously hypertensive rats.Suzuki A, Kagawa D, Ochiai R, Tokimitsu I, Saito I.

61. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Mar 27;50(7):2161-8 Antioxidant properties of ferulic acid and its related compounds.Kikuzaki H, Hisamoto M, Hirose K, Akiyama K, Taniguchi H.

62. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Mar 27;50(7):1890-6Effects of commercial processing on levels of antioxidants in oats (Avena sativa L.).Bryngelsson S, Dimberg LH, Kamal-Eldin A.

63. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2001;46(6):511-4Phenolic acids reduce the genotoxicity of acridine orange and ofloxacin in Salmonella typhimurium.Belicova A, Krizkova L, Nagy M, Krajcovic J, Ebringer L.

64. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Mar 13;50(6):1625-30. Release of ferulic acid from oat hulls by Aspergillus ferulic acid esterase and trichoderma xylanase.Yu P, Maenz DD, McKinnon JJ, Racz VJ, Christensen DA.

65. Bioorg Med Chem. 2002 Apr;10(4):1189-96 Syntheses of ferulic acid derivatives and their suppressive effects on cyclooxygenase-2 promoter activity.Hosoda A, Ozaki Y, Kashiwada A, Mutoh M, Wakabayashi K, Mizuno K, Nomura E, Taniguchi H.

66. Bioorg Med Chem. 2002 Apr;10(4):1069-75 Synthesis of novel polyphenols consisted of ferulic and gallic acids, and their inhibitory effects on phorbol ester-induced Epstein-Barr virus activation and superoxide generation.Nomura E, Hosoda A, Morishita H, Murakami A, Koshimizu K, Ohigashi H, Taniguchi H.

67. J Agric Food Chem. 2002 Jan 30;50(3):468-72Free radical scavenging and antioxidative activity of caffeic acid amide and ester analogues: structure-activity relationship.Son S, Lewis BA.

68. Nutr Cancer. 2001;39(2):155-69Changing concepts of dietary fiber: implications for carcinogenesis.Ferguson LR, Chavan RR, Harris PJ.

69. J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Nov;49(11):5122-9 Quantitative determination of hydroxycinnamic acids in wheat, rice, rye, and barley straws, maize stems, oil palm frond fiber, and fast-growing poplar wood.Sun RC, Sun XF, Zhang SH.

70. Food Chem Toxicol. 2001 Dec;39(12):1205-10 Effect of natural phenolic acids on DNA oxidation in vitro.Lodovici M, Guglielmi F, Meoni M, Dolara P.

71. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2001 Sep 1;62(1-2):108-17 UV-B absorbance and UV-B absorbing compounds (para-coumaric acid) in pollen and sporopollenin: the perspective to track historic UV-B levels.Rozema J, Broekman RA, Blokker P, Meijkamp BB, de Bakker N, van de Staaij J, van Beem A, Ariese F, Kars SM.

72. J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Oct;49(10):4884-8Hydroxycinnamic acids and ferulic acid dehydrodimers in barley and processed barley.Hernanz D, Nunez V, Sancho AI, Faulds CB, Williamson G, Bartolome B, Gomez-Cordoves C.

73. J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Oct;49(10):4646-55Identification and antioxidant activity of novel chlorogenic acid derivatives from bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis).Kweon MH, Hwang HJ, Sung HC.

74. J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Aug;49(8):4090-6 Antioxidant effects of phenolic rye (Secale cereale L.) extracts, monomeric hydroxycinnamates, and ferulic acid dehydrodimers on human low-density lipoproteins.Andreasen MF, Landbo AK, Christensen LP, Hansen A, Meyer AS.

75. J Agric Food Chem. 2001 Jul;49(7):3471-5 Regioselective dimerization of ferulic acid in a micellar solution.Larsen E, Andreasen MF, Christensen LP.

76. Free Radic Biol Med. 2001 Jun 1;30(11):1213-22 Novel biomarkers of the metabolism of caffeic acid derivatives in vivo.Rechner AR, Spencer JP, Kuhnle G, Hahn U, Rice-Evans CA.

77. J Agric Food Chem. 2001 May;49(5):2503-10 Peroxidase-mediated cross-linking of a tyrosine-containing peptide with ferulic acid.Oudgenoeg G, Hilhorst R, Piersma SR, Boeriu CG, Gruppen H, Hessing M, Voragen AG, Laane C.

78. Biochem Soc Trans. 2001 May;29(Pt 2):91-98 Plant peroxidases: substrate complexes with mechanistic implications.Gajhede M.

79. Jpn J Cancer Res. 2001 Apr;92(4):404-9 A ferulic acid derivative, ethyl 3-(4’-geranyloxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propenoate, as a new candidate chemopreventive agent for colon carcinogenesis in the rat.Han BS, Park CB, Takasuka N, Naito A, Sekine K, Nomura E, Taniguchi H, Tsuno T, Tsuda H.

80. J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Dec;48(12):6106-13Cross-linking of maize walls by ferulate dimerization and incorporation into lignin.Grabber JH, Ralph J, Hatfield RD.U.S. Dairy Forage Research Center, Agricultural Research Service, U.S.

81. J Biol Chem. 2001 Jun 1;276(22):18734-41. Epub 2001 Feb 13 Initial steps of ferulic acid polymerization by lignin peroxidase.Ward G, Hadar Y, Bilkis I, Konstantinovsky L, Dosoretz CG.

82. Drugs Exp Clin Res. 2001;27(1):17-26 Rice-bran products: phytonutrients with potential applications in preventive and clinical medicine.Jariwalla RJ.

83. Biofactors. 2000;12(1-4):101-5 Chemopreventive effects of coffee bean and rice constituents on colorectal carcinogenesis.Mori H, Kawabata K, Matsunaga K, Ushida J, Fujii K, Hara A, Tanaka T, Murai H

84. J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Nov;48(11):5576-80Inhibitors of 15-lipoxygenase from orange peel.Malterud KE, Rydland KM.

85. J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Nov;48(11):5530-6 A spectrophotometric study of the copigmentation of malvin with caffeic and ferulic acids.Markovic JM, Petranovic NA, Baranac JM.

86. Pigment Cell Res. 2000;13 Suppl 8:170-4 Depigmenting effect of alpha-tocopheryl ferulate on normal human melanocytes.Funasaka Y, Komoto M, Ichihashi M.

87. Carbohydr Res. 2000 Sep 8;328(2):185-97 Characterization of arabinose and ferulic acid rich pectic polysaccharides and hemicelluloses from sugar beet pulp.Oosterveld A, Beldman G, Schols HA, Voragen AG.

88. J Chromatogr A. 2000 Sep 1;891(1):183-8 Determination of phenolic acids in fruit juices by isocratic column liquid chromatography.Amakura Y, Okada M, Tsuji S, Tonogai Y.

89. Biochem Syst Ecol. 2000 Nov 1;28(9):865-879 Ferulic acid is bound to the primary cell walls of all gymnosperm families.Carnachan SM, Harris PJ.

90. Cancer Lett. 2000 Aug 31;157(1):15-21 Modifying effects of ferulic acid on azoxymethane-induced colon carcinogenesis in F344 rats.Kawabata K, Yamamoto T, Hara A, Shimizu M, Yamada Y, Matsunaga K.

91. J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Jun;48(6):2313-9 Triterpene alcohol and sterol ferulates from rice bran and their anti-inflammatory effects.Akihisa T, Yasukawa K, Yamaura M, Ukiya M, Kimura Y, Shimizu N, Arai K.

92. J Agric Food Chem. 2000 Jun;48(6):2101-10 Effect of pH on the stability of plant phenolic compounds.Friedman M, Jurgens HS.

93. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2000 Jul 3;10(13):1439-42 Synthesis of feruloyl-myo-inositols and their inhibitory effects on superoxide generation.Hosoda A, Nomura E, Murakami A, Koshimizu K, Ohigashi H, Mizuno K, Taniguchi H.

94. Lipids. 2000 Apr;35(4):427-35 Effects of dietary phenolic compounds on tocopherol, cholesterol, and fatty acids in rats.Kamal-Eldin A, Frank J, Razdan A, Tengblad S, Basu S, Vessby B.

95. Carcinogenesis. 2000 Jun;21(6):1149-55 Efficacy of potential chemopreventive agents on rat colon aberrant crypt formation and progression.Wargovich MJ, Jimenez A, McKee K, Steele VE, Velasco M, Woods J, Price R, Gray K, Kelloff GJ.

96. Int J Pharm. 2000 Apr 10;199(1):39-47 In vitro and in vivo evaluation of caffeic and ferulic acids as topical photoprotective agents.Saija A, Tomaino A, Trombetta D, De Pasquale A, Uccella N, Barbuzzi T, Paolino D, Bonina F.

97. Free Radic Res. 2000 Mar;32(3):273-80 Absorption of ferulic acid from low-alcohol beer.Bourne L, Paganga G, Baxter D, Hughes P, Rice-Evans C.

98. Mediators Inflamm. 1999;8(3):173-5. Inhibitory effect of ferulic acid and isoferulic acid on the production of macrophage inflammatory protein-2 in response to respiratory syncytial virus infection in RAW264.7 cells.Sakai S, Kawamata H, Kogure T, Mantani N, Terasawa K, Umatake M, Ochiai H.

99. Anticancer Res. 1999 Sep-Oct;19(5A):3775-8. Chemopreventive effects of ferulic acid on oral and rice germ on large bowel carcinogenesis.Mori H, Kawabata K, Yoshimi N, Tanaka T, Murakami T, Okada T, Murai H.

100. Anticancer Res. 1999 Sep-Oct;19(5A):3763-8. Synthesis and biological activities of ferulic acid derivatives.Kayahara H, Miao Z, Fujiwara G.

101. Anticancer Res. 1999 Sep-Oct;19(5A):3757-61. Preparation of ferulic acid and its application for the synthesis of cancer chemopreventive agents.Taniguchi H, Hosoda A, Tsuno T, Maruta Y, Nomura E.

102. J Agric Food Chem. 1999 Sep;47(9):3535-40. Phenolic compounds in Spanish olive oils.Brenes M, Garcia A, Garcia P, Rios JJ, Garrido A.

103. J Agric Food Chem. 1999 Aug;47(8):3325-31. Reactivity of ferulic acid and its derivatives toward hydrogen peroxide and peracetic acid.Pan GX, Spencer L, Leary GJ.

104. Food Chem Toxicol. 1999 Sep-Oct;37(9-10):985-92Phenolics: blocking agents for heterocyclic amine-induced carcinogenesis.Hirose M, Takahashi S, Ogawa K, Futakuchi M, Shirai T.

105. FEBS Lett. 1999 Sep 17;458(2):204-8. An early salicylic acid-, pathogen- and elicitor-inducible tobacco glucosyltransferase: role in compartmentalization of phenolics and H2O2 metabolism.Chong J, Baltz R, Fritig B, Saindrenan P.

106. Br J Dermatol. 1999 Jul;141(1):20-9 The depigmenting effect of alpha-tocopheryl ferulate on human melanoma cells.Funasaka Y, Chakraborty AK, Komoto M, Ohashi A, Ichihashi M.

107. J Neurochem. 1999 Jul;73(1):247-53. Inhibition of peroxynitrite-mediated oxidation of dopamine by flavonoid and phenolic antioxidants and their structural relationships.Kerry N, Rice-Evans C.

108. Cancer Lett. 1998 Nov 27;133(2):135-41. Modulation by phytochemicals of cytochrome P450-linked enzyme activity.Teel RW, Huynh H.

109. Nutr Cancer. 1998;32(2):81-5.Polyphenols inhibit promotional phase of tumorigenesis: relevance of superoxide radicals.Kaul A, Khanduja KL.

110. Methods Enzymol. 1999;299:91-106 Detecting and measuring bioavailability of phenolics and flavonoids in humans: pharmacokinetics of urinary excretion of dietary ferulic acid.Bourne LC, Rice-Evans CA.

111. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Dec 18;253(2):222-7 Bioavailability of ferulic acid.Bourne LC, Rice-Evans C.

112. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1998 Oct;50(10):1183-6. Anti-inflammatory activity in rats and mice of phenolic acids isolated from Scrophularia frutescens.Fernandez MA, Saenz MT, Garcia MD.

113. Biochem Soc Trans. 1998 May;26(2):S168. Enzymic hydrolysis of diferulates from wheat bran cell walls.Garcia-Conesa MT, Kroon PA, Williamson G.

114. Biochem Soc Trans. 1998 May;26(2):S166. Properties of ferulate dimers from plant cell walls.Plumb GW, Garcia-Conesa MT, Kroon PA, Wallace G, Williamson G.

115. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1998 May;31(5):750-7. A highly selective beta1-adrenergic blocker with partial beta2-agonist activity derived from ferulic acid, an active component of Ligusticum wallichii Franch Wu BN, Huang YC, Wu HM, Hong SJ, Chiang LC, Chen IJ

116. Free Radic Biol Med. 1998 Mar 1;24(4):594-606. Inhibition of peroxynitrite dependent tyrosine nitration by hydroxycinnamates: nitration or electron donation?Pannala AS, Razaq R, Halliwell B, Singh S, Rice-Evans CA.

117. : J Biol Chem. 1998 Feb 13;273(7):4163-70. Metabolism of ferulic acid to vanillin. A bacterial gene of the enoyl-SCoA hydratase/isomerase superfamily encodes an enzyme for thehydration and cleavage of a hydroxycinnamic acid SCoA thioester.Gasson MJ, Kitamura Y, McLauchlan WR, Narbad A, Parr AJ, Parsons EL, Payne J, Rhodes MJ, Walton NJ.

118. Infection. 1998 Jan-Feb;26(1):26-31.Causes of the antimicrobial activity of honey.Wahdan HA.

119. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1997 Nov;61(11):1942-3 Antioxidant activity of ferulic acid beta-glucuronide in the LDL oxidation system.Ohta T, Nakano T, Egashira Y, Sanada H.

> 120. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 1996 May;21(5):297-9, 320. [Mechanism of inhibitory action of sodium ferulate on liver lipid peroxidation in mice][Article in Chinese]Wu D, Zhang H, Zhou B, Cai H.

121. Free Radic Res. 1997 Sep;27(3):337-44.The effect of the phenolic antioxidant ferulic acid on the oxidation of low density lipoprotein depends on the pro-oxidant used.Bourne LC, Rice-Evans CA.

122. Photochem Photobiol. 1997 May;65(5):765-76 Mutants of Arabidopsis as tools to understand the regulation of phenylpropanoid pathway and UVB protection mechanisms.Bharti AK, Khurana JP.

123. : Cytokine. 1997 Apr;9(4):242-8.Inhibitory effect of ferulic acid on macrophage inflammatory protein-2 production in a murine macrophage cell line, RAW264.7.Sakai S, Ochiai H, Nakajima K, Terasawa K.

124. Phytochemistry. 1997 Mar;44(6):1011-8.O-feruloylated, O-acetylated oligosaccharides as side-chains of grass xylans.Wende G, Fry SC.

125. Biochem Soc Trans. 1996 Aug;24(3):384S.Solubilisation of ferulic acid from plant cell wall materials in a model human gut system.

126. Biochem Soc Trans. 1996 Aug;24(3):379S. Release of the bioactive compound, ferulic acid, from malt extracts.Bartolome B, Garcia-Conesa MT, Williamson G.

127. Biotechnol Appl Biochem. 1996 Jun;23 ( Pt 3):263-7. Release of ferulic acid from sugar-beet pulp by using arabinanase, arabinofuranosidase and an esterase from Aspergillus niger.Kroon PA, Williamson G.

128. Biochem Pharmacol. 1996 Feb 23;51(4):395-402. Inhibition of metmyoglobin/H2O2-dependent low density lipoprotein lipid peroxidation by naturally occurring phenolic acids.Laranjinha J, Vierira O, Almeida L, Madeira V.

129. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1996 Feb;60(2):328-9. Antimutagenic activity of caffeic acid and related compounds.Yamada J, Tomita Y.

130. Food Chem Toxicol. 1996 Jan;34(1):15-20.Anti-genotoxic effects in mice after the interaction between coffee and dietary constituents.Abraham SK.

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